Coogan Law


Since a minor cannot legally control their own money, California Law governs their earnings and creates a fiduciary relationship between the parent and the child. This change in California law also requires that 15% of all minors' earnings must be set aside in a blocked trust account commonly known as a Coogan Account.

Visit any branch and complete a Minor Blocked - Coogan Trust Membership Application

Bring a photocopy of valid identification (drivers license, military or state ID card, Passport) for all Trustees. Please note, address verification may be required
Bring a certified copy of the minor’s birth certificate
Bring the minor's Social Security Number
Open a Share Savings Account with a $10 one-time membership fee and $50 minimum deposit

Coogan Law - OVERVIEW
At present, Coogan Accounts (a.k.a Blocked Trust Accounts and Trust Accounts) are required by the State of California, New York, Louisiana and New Mexico. In most instances, you will have to supply proof of a trust account prior to receiving a work permit. 15% of the minor’s gross wages are required to be withheld by the employer and deposited into the Coogan account within 15 days of employment. The parent must supply the Coogan account number to the employer.

History of the Coogan LawThe Coogan Law is named for famous child actor Jackie Coogan. Coogan was discovered in 1919 by Charlie Chaplin and soon after cast in the comedian’s famous film, The Kid. Jackie-mania was in full force during the 1920s, spawning a wave of merchandise dedicated to his image. It wasn’t until his 21st birthday after the death of his father and the dwindling of his film career that Jackie realized he was left with none of the earnings he had work so hard for as a child. Under California law at the time, the earnings of the minor belonged solely to the parent.
Coogan eventually sued his mother and former manager for his earnings. As a result, in 1939, the Coogan Law was put into effect, presumably to protect future young actors from finding themselves in the same terrible situation that Jackie Coogan was left in. Unfortunately, the 1939 incarnation of the Coogan Law was flawed, leaving open various loopholes and necessitating long term, court sanctioned contracts for validation.

The Current Coogan Law

After many years of advocating for more protections for child actors, SAG-AFTRA Young Performers Committee, National Policy and Planning Department and other industry groups were successful in closing many of the loopholes that made the original Coogan Law ineffective. In January 1, 2000, changes in California law affirmed that earnings by minors in the entertainment industry are the property of the minor, not their parents. Since a minor cannot legally control their own money, California Law governs their earnings and creates a fiduciary relationship between the parent and the child. This change in California law also requires that 15% of all minors’ earnings must be set aside in a blocked trust account commonly known as a Coogan Account.

Jackie CooganJackie Coogan went on to recover a small portion of his earnings after battling his mother in court. He became well known on the small screen playing Uncle Fester on The Addams Family, and will always be remembered for the role his story played in protecting child actors from losing their earnings
REGIONAL DETAILS

California
Parents in CA are required to open a “Coogan” Account and must be opened with a CA bank. A Coogan Account is a special blocked trust fund account found at a bank, credit union or brokerage firm.

New York

Parents in NY are required to open up an UTMA or UGMA compliant trust account. This account is similar to the “Coogan,” but does not differ regarding rules of withdrawal. The account may be opened with any bank, in any state, as long as it meets UTMA or UGMA requirements.



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What is a Taft-Hartley report?

It is a report which is submitted by a SAG-AFTRA Signatory Producer to the Union whenever any non-member is employed by such Producer on a SAG-AFTRA project. 


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" Taft-Hertleyed" / Joining SAG-AFTRA "

Principal Performer: 


As a non-union actor you book a union job as a principal performer. For SAG-AFTRA, this means you will get “Taft- Hartleyed,” meaning a Taft-Hartley form was filed for you as a principal performer. This makes you eligible for SAG-AFTRA.



Vouchers: 


As a non-union actor you must receive 3 Taft-Hartleys as a background performer to become eligible to join SAG-AFTRA. 


Basically, 1 principal role Taft-Hartley = 3 background role Taft-Hartleys

Affiliated Unions: 


If you are a member of one of SAG-AFTRA’s sister unions (AEA, ACTRA, AGMAor AGVA) you are eligible to join SAG-AFTRA one year after working a principal part through the sister union

This is a very brief, not super thorough overview






Union/Acting information for actors and parents of aspiring actors

CarrollSchumacher.com

To join SAG-AFTRA, a performer must pay an initiation fee plus the first semi-annual basic dues. The national initiation fee rate is currently $3,000 (initiation fees may be lower in some areas). Annual base dues are $201.96. In addition, work dues are calculated at 1.575 percent of covered earnings up to $500,000..